World Iodine Deficiency Day - 2018

Iodine is an essential micronutrient required for normal thyroid function, growth, and development. World Iodine Deficiency Day or Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day is observed every year on 21st October.

October 27, 2018

The aim of this day is to generate awareness of the adequate use of iodine and to highlight the consequences of iodine deficiency. The iodine deficiency disorders have become a major public health problem worldwide. In today’s scenario, one-third of the world population is at the risk of iodine deficiency disorders. According to WHO, around 54 countries are still iodine – deficient. Iodine is required for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and essential for the normal growth and development and well-being of all humans. It is a micronutrient and normally required around 100-150 microgram. Deficiency of iodine can lead to a variety of health and developmental consequences known as iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). Iodine deficiency is a major cause of preventable mental retardation. Iodine deficiency is especially damaging during pregnancy and in early childhood. In their most severe forms, IDDs can lead to cretinism, stillbirth and miscarriage; even mild deficiency can cause a significant loss of learning ability.

Department of Community Health Nursing and 4th year BSc Nursing student observed World Iodine Deficiency Day 2018 at Madaga Anganwadi centre on 26/10/2018. The programme commenced at 10am with the welcome speech by Ms. Ms. Lolisha, 4th year BSc Nursing student. The programme was also graced by the presence of Mrs. Zereena, ASHA worker, Madaga, Mrs.Radhika, Health Volunteer, Madaga and Mrs. Susheela, Anganwadi worker, Madaga.

The formal programme was followed by a role-play integrated with health teaching on the topic of ‘Iodine Deficiency Disorders - Manifestations, Treatment and Prevention’ by Ms. Bhavya and her team, 4th year BSc Nursing students. At the end of the teaching session, the attendees raised few questions regarding iodine excess related disorders, detection of iodine related disorders, and the importance of iodized salt. All the doubts were clarified by the organizers.

Refreshments were served for all the participants. A total of 27 participants of various age groups attended the programme. The public was greatly receptive regarding the programme, and displayed interest in further such programmes being organised. The students expressed that it was a great practical learning experience in the community. The overall programme was coordinated by Mr.Vinish V, Asst. Professor, MCON, MAHE Manipal.