Dr. Raghavendra Rao


Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy


    Dr Raghavendra Rao’s academic responsibilities include training undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral students.

    Besides teaching, he is also involved in,

    •     Patient care

    •     Academic & clinical Research

    •     Member of Board of Studies

    •     Approved PhD supervisor

    •     Member of Doctoral Advisory Committee for doctoral students.

    •     Reviewer of national and international dermatology journals e.g., Frontier in Immunology, Journal of Cutaneous Pathology


Subject Semester / Year
Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology


Degree Specialisation Institute Year of passing
DNB Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy National Board of Examination, New Delhi 2001
MD Immunohematology Government Medical College, Mysore (Mysore University) 1999
MBBS Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences , Bellur 1994


Institution / Organisation Designation Role Tenure
KMC, Manipal Professor & Unit Head 05/05/2024 till date
KMC, Manipal Professor and Head 05/05/2019 till 04/05/2024
KMC, Manipal Additional Professor 19/06/2012 to 04/05/2019
KMC, Manipal Associate Professor 2005 to 2012
KMC, Manipal Assistant Professor 2003 to 2005
Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellur Lecturer 1999 to 2002
Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellur Assistant Professor 2002 to 2003

Comparison of conventional indirect immunofluorescence with biochip mosaic slide in the diagnosis of autoimmune bullous disorder – A cross sectional study

Funded research project (IADVL)

Interrogation of Vitiligo Genesis - Cellular and Molecular Analysis through iPSC

Doctoral research project

Assessment of Immuno-metabolic Axis of Autoimmune Blistering Diseases (AIBDs) – Mechanistic and Diagnostic Implications

Funded research project by IADVL


Area of Interest

Autoimmune bullous diseases, Dermatopathology , Pediatric Dermatology

Area of Expertise

Autoimmune bullous disease, Immunofluorescence in Dermatology

Area of Research

•Autoimmune bullous diseases, and role of immunofluorescence for diagnosis •Along with other co-researchers reported the first case of anti-p200 pemphigoid from India •Described the utility of honey as a transport medium of skin biopsy specimens subjected for immunofluorescence •First to report the utility of serration pattern analysis in the sub categorisation of sub epidermal immunobullous disease from India

Professional Affiliations & Contributions

  • Life Member of Indian Association of Dermatologist, Venereologist and Leprologist (IADVL)
  • Life member of Indian society of Pediatric Dermatology
  • Life member of Dermatopathology Society of India
  • Life member of Association of Cutaneous Surgeons of India
  • Life Member of Member of National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS)
  • Life Member of Indian Medical Association (IMA)


  •  B.N.Banerjee award for best original research paper presented in the 33rd Dermacon held at New Delhi (2005)
  • Awarded Commonwealth academic scholarship and was trained at St Johns Institute of Dermatology, Guys and St Thomas hospital, London, UK (2011-12)
  • Awarded Prof J N Shetty oration at Cuticon-KN 2016
  • Past Editor-in Chief of Indian J Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology
  • Visiting faculty, Kuwait board of Dermatology
  • External postgraduate examiner for National Board and other universities across States
  • Dr. Bishnupriya Devi award for the best paper published in Indian J Dermatol Venereol Lepr in the year 2022 (Utility of oral mucosa as a substrate for the serodiagnosis of pemphigus: A descriptive analysis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2022;88:156-161) and in the year 2021 (Serration pattern analysis as a practical adjunct tool for categorization of subepidermal autoimmune blistering diseases. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2021;87:778-86)
  •  Dr BM Ambady oration at Dermacon 2024 held at Hyderabad and delivered a lecture on ‘Odyssey with glitter and glow’
  • Visiting faculty, As'ad Al-Hamad Dermatology  Center, Kuwait Board of Dermatology



A comparative study of Michel's medium versus honey as a transport medium for skin specimens prior to direct immunofluorescence microscopy and antigen mapping

Kumudhini S Pai S Rao C Rao R

J Cutan Pathol. 2019; 46:729-735.

Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and anti-p200 pemphigoid as major subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases diagnosed by floor binding on indirect immunofluorescence microscopy using human salt-split skin.

Goyal N Rao R Shenoi SD Pai S Kumar P Bhogal BS et al

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2017; 83:550-5.

Direct immunofluorescence microscopy of skin biopsy samples preserved in honey.

Rao R Jindal A Bhogal B Pai SB

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017;76:761-763

Antigen identification using skin deficient in basement membrane protein : a novel tool for the diagnosis of subepidermal immunobullous disease

Rao R Bhogal BS Groves R

Clin Exp Dermatol 2013; 38:289-94

Demonstration of pemphigus-specific immunofluorescence pattern by direct immunofluorescence of plucked hair.

Rao R Dasari K Shenoi S Balachandran C

Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:1187-9.

Utility of Immunofluorescence antigen mapping in heriditary epidermolysis bullosa.

Rao R Shetty VM

Indian J Dermatol 2021;66:360-5

Clinicopathological and Immunological Profile of Patients with Cutaneous Manifestations and their Relationship with Organ Involvement in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Attending a Tertiary Care Center of Eastern India.

Ghosh AP Nag F Biswas S Rao R De A

Indian J Dermatol. 2020;65:22-28

Sclerotherapy in Mucocele: A Novel Therapeutic Approach.

Shetty VM Rao R Pai B S

J Cutan Med Surg. 2018;22:652-653

Advanced Diagnostic Techniques in Autoimmune Bullous Diseases.

Jindal A Rao R Bhogal BS

Indian J Dermatol. 2017;62:268-278

Comparison of immunofluorescence and desmoglein enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in the diagnosis of pemphigus: A Prospective, Cross-sectional Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital.

Ravi D Prabhu SS Rao R Balachandran C Bairy I

Indian J Dermatol 2017;62:171-7

Monitoring the disease activity in pemphigus by direct immunofluorescence of plucked hair: A pilot study.

Rao R Dasari K Shenoi SD Balachandran C Dinesh P

Indian J Dermatol 2013;58:164-165

Successful use of imiquimod 5% cream in Bowen’s disease.

Prabhu S Rao R Sripathi H Hammed S Kudva S

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2007; 73: 423-425

Serration pattern analysis as a practical adjunct tool for categorization of subepidermal autoimmune blistering diseases

2021 Arora S Shetty VM Rao CR Pai SB Rao R

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2021;87:778-86

Impact of COVID 19 pandemic on dermatology teaching program in India: A survey on the faculty and residents’ perspective.

2023 Sil A Das A Patra AC Kumar R Pandhi D De D Seetharam K Bhari N Gupta N Rao R

Indian Dermatol Online J 2023; 14:643-52

Utility of oral mucosa as a substrate for the serodiagnosis of pemphigus: A descriptive analysis

2022 Jindal A Rao C Pai SB Rao R

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2022;88:156-161

Clinico-Pathological Correlation in Dermatological Disorders: A Retrospective Audit of 332 Skin Biopsies from a Tertiary Care Center

2022 Talwar A Ballambat SP Rao R Shetty VM

Indian Dermatol Online J. 2022 14;14:61-66

Profile of patients with IgA vasculitis in a tertiary care hospital

2013-01-01 Dr Shafia Kakuroo

Aim To compare the demographic characteristics and clinical profile of patients with IgA vasculitis with that of non-IgA vasculitis.To compare the systemic manifestations in these two groups with special reference to renal involvement (ongoing).

Comparative study of serum and blister fluid indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) in the diagnosis of sunepidermal immunobullous diseases (SIBD)

2012-01-01 Dr Tejasvi B

Aim To compare the IIF of serum and blister fluid of patients with SIBD.To compare the immunological activity with the clinical activity as assessed by the ABSIS.

Comparative study of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) of Human skin and human oesophagus in Pemphigus

2011-01-01 Dr Nithesh.

Aim To study the utility of human oesophagus as a substrate for IIF.To compare the IIF using two substrate- human skin and oesophagus.

Comparative study of direct immunofluorescence findings in lesional (fresh and old) peri-lesional skin of palpable purpura

2010-01-01 Dr Vani Vasanth

2010, Aim To detect the presence of immunoreactants in the perilesional skin of patients with palpable purpura.To compare the immunedeposits in old and new purpuric lesions.

Role of direct immunofluorescence in predicting remission in pemphigus vulgaris

2009-01-01 Dr Kisalay Saurav

Skin biopsy sample of pemphigus patients were studied to check for the persistent of immunological activity.

Sub epidermal immunobullous diseases- A study of direct, indirect and direct salt split immunofluorescence

2009-01-01 Dr Abhishek De

IIF using salt split skin was done to subcategorize patients with SIBD.

Pigmented purpuric dermatoses - A clinical histopathological and direct immunofluo rescence study

2008-01-01 Dr Vrushali Lonikar

Biopsy findings of patients with Pigmented Purpuric Dermatosis were studied.

DIF of plucked hair in pemphigus

2007-01-01 Dr Kavitha Dasari

A novel technique of DIF was studies using plucked hair; subsequently this was published in International Journal of Dermatology.

Role of direct immunofluorescence in predicting remission in pemphigus vulgaris

2009 Dr Kisalay Saurav

Indirect immunofluorescence study using normal human skin and oral mucosa as a substrate in the serodiagnosis of pemphigus

2014 Dr Anuradha Jindal

Profile of dermal binding subepidermal immunobullous diseases

2015 Dr Nupur Goyal

A clinical profile of severe cutaneous drug reactions

2016 Dr Ravish M Pai

A comparative study of honey and Michel’s medium as a transport medium of skin biopsy specimens for immunofluorescence

2016 Dr Kumudhini S

Serrated pattern analysis in the subcategorization of subepidermal immunobullous disease

2017 Dr Sukriti Arora

Cross sectional study of clinical and histopathological determinants of cutaneous small vessel vasculitis

2019 Dr Madhumitha V

Diagnostic utility of lupus band test (non-lesional sunprotected skin) in SLE

2020 Dr Sujitha Reddy SL

Dermatoscopic evaluation of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis undergoing Bath PUVA therapy

2020 Dr Krithiga M

A Cross-Sectional Study Of Clinical And Histopathological Determinants Of Renal Involvement In Cutaneous Vasculitis

2020 Dr Madhumitha V

Diagnostic utility of Lupus Band Test (Non lesional, sun protected skin) in Systemic lupus erythomatosus

2021 Dr Sujitha Reddy

Assessment of therapeutic outcomes among patients with keloid using Patient Observer Scar Assessment Scale(POSAS)

2022 Dr Priya Bhesaniya

A cross sectional study of cutaneous manifestations in paediatric oncology patients in tertiary care hospital

2022 Dr Ina

Clinical Audit Of Pemphigus Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital

2023 Dr Shirsat Pranjali Bhalachandra

Utility Of IgG4 Staining In Pemphigus And Its Correlation To Disease Activity

2023 Dr Nandana C

1. Study for long-term preservation of Immunofluorescence slides: A cross sectional study.


Detection of Anti-Basement Membrane Zone Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Antibodies in Bullous Pemphigoid